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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2018-37
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2018-37
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Dec 2018

Research article | 19 Dec 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of the manuscript is under review for the journal Drinking Water Engineering and Science (DWES).

Evaluation of human risks of surface and groundwater contaminated with Cd and Pb south of El-Minya Governorate, Egypt

Salman Salman1, Ahmed A. Asmoay1, Amr El-Gohary1, and Hassan Sabet2 Salman Salman et al.
  • 1Geological Sciences Dep. National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt
  • 2Geology Dep., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract. Water pollution with Cd and Pb has worldwide concern because of their health impact. Evaluation of their concentrations and potential human health risks of surface and groundwater south El-Minya Governorate, Egypt is the main aim of the study. Fifty-five samples were collected; 30 samples surface water and 25 samples groundwater. The samples were analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) to determine Cd and Pb contents. The heavy metals levels in both of surface and groundwater exceeded the maximum allowable level for drinking water which set by WHO. The hazard quotient and hazard index showed that groundwater may pose a health risk to residents, especially the children, primarily due to the high Cd content. In addition, there might be some concern for adverse Carcinogenic health effects. The pollution returns to human activities. The water can be recommended for irrigation not for drinking.

Salman Salman et al.
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Status: final response (author comments only)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Salman Salman et al.
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Short summary
55 samples of water were investigated and the results revealed that cd and pb content exceeded the allowable level for drinking water. Also, they have a health risk to residents.
55 samples of water were investigated and the results revealed that cd and pb content exceeded...
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