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Drinking Water Engineering and Science An interactive open-access journal
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2018-18
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/dwes-2018-18
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Review article 04 Sep 2018

Review article | 04 Sep 2018

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Drinking Water Engineering and Science (DWES).

Water Reclamation for industrial use in sub-Saharan Africa, a Critical Review

Noor J. Gulamusssen1,2, André M. Arsénio1, Nelson P. Matsinhe2, and Louis C. Rietveld1 Noor J. Gulamusssen et al.
  • 1Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, P.O. Box 5048, 2600 GA Delft, the Netherlands
  • 2Faculty of Engineering, Eduardo Mondlane University, P.O. Box 257, Maputo, Mozambique

Abstract. The increasing world population and growth of industrial development lead to growing water scarcity that, combined with deficient sanitation services, represent serious challenges, particularly in regions like sub-Saharan Africa. Water reclamation is a promising approach to reduce water scarcity, serving as a driving force for better sanitation services and protecting the environment by treating sewage and redistributing for the benefit of other water-dependent applications (e.g. industries).

This paper aims to give an overview of the global trends on water reclamation, with a focus on industrial use, and to derive lessons for implementation of water reclamation projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. Findings show that extensive experience exists in technology and management practices that can allow successful implementation of water reclamation projects in the region. Under the conditions of deficient sanitation services and low levels of technical expertise, the main challenge is to develop a framework that can facilitate the integration of social and technological methodologies and help to introduce water reclamation in water allocation planning, including the development of specific legislation for industrial water use and disposal.

Noor J. Gulamusssen et al.
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Status: open (extended)
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Noor J. Gulamusssen et al.
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Short summary
This review paper aims to give an overview of the global trends on water reclamation with focus on industrial use and to derive lessons for implementation of water reclamation projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. It shows that consolidated experience exists about technology and management practices that allows successful implementation of water reclamation projects in the region and contributes to enhance the understanding of the use of reclaimed in industry.
This review paper aims to give an overview of the global trends on water reclamation with focus...
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